商科代考:Financial and Management Accounting ACCO 1161

什么是Management Accounting?

管理会计,也称为管理会计,由经理和董事用于就公司的日常运营做出决策。管理会计的一个显着特点是它不是基于过去的业绩,而是基于当前和未来的趋势。例如,确定您的企业应该为新产品收取多少费用以及分析未来产品线能够产生多少收入都是管理会计领域中业务问题的示例。因此,决定何时更换办公室中的计算机也是如此。由于企业领导者不断需要在短时间内做出运营决策,因此管理会计必须依赖于预测市场和未来趋势。

什么是Financial Accounting?

财务会计用于向外部利益相关者展示公司的财务状况。这使董事会、股东、潜在投资者、债权人和金融机构能够了解公司在过去特定时期内的表现。这些报告每年提交一次。如果企业被视为股票市场上的上市公司,则报告必须成为公共记录的一部分。在财务会计课程中,学生学习如何准备、阅读和分析财务报表。

两者之间有什么区别?

财务会计和管理会计之间有两个主要区别。第一个区别是管理会计是为公司的内部社区提供的,而财务会计是为外部受众准备的。尽管财务会计对当前和潜在投资者非常重要,但管理会计对于管理者为他们的业务做出当前和未来的财务决策是必要的。第二个区别是财务会计是准确的,必须遵守公认会计原则(GAAP),而管理会计可以基于猜测或估计,因为大多数经理在决策需要时没有时间获得准确的数字。

商科代考,Business代考,85+高分通过

下面是一个Financial and Management Accounting代写案例:

Q1:Weiwei Lu owns WL Jewellery Limited. She is planning to request financing from her bank to help her with her cash flow problems. The banks need her to prepare a cash budget for the next six months to help them decide. From her monthly profit and loss account for next year. she has forecasted the following:

The following is the additional information available:

i) Cash in hand on July 1st is £144,000.

ii) Customers pay 10% in the month of sale, 75% in the month after sale, and 15% in the second month after sale.

iii) Payments for raw materials and labour are made in the month after they are incurred.

iv) Creditors for raw materials on 1 May next year are expected to be £320,000

v) General and admin salaries are £28,000 per month, lease payments are £7,000 per month, depreciation is £36,000 per month, and miscellaneous expenses are £1,600 per month.

vi) Two tax payments of £61,000 each are due in September and December, and a payment of £240,000 towards a new jewellery warehouse is to be paid in October.

Required:

a) Calculate the cash receipts from sales for the SIX MONTHS from July to December next year.

b) Prepare a cash budget for the SIX MONTHS from July to December next year.

c) What level of finance will she need over the next six months under review?

d) As bank manager, would you advance her the money based on the information given, and what additional information, if any, would you need?

Q2:a) The break-even point is the level of activity (in units of output or sales revenue) at which total costs equals the total sales revenue.

Required:

i) Explain how a manager in an organisation may use break even analysis to aid decision making

ii) Explain six weaknesses of break-even analysis

b) Venus Ltd is a company that makes electric reading side lamps. Based on the managements’ monthly assumptions, an analysis is required on the profitability targets.

The monthly demand for its products is 42,000 and the selling price for each is £28. Gas and Electricity costs are 30% fixed and 70% variable.

Required:

Calculate:

i) The total fixed costs and variable costs per unit

ii) The break-even point in units

iii) The margin of safety in units

iv) The profit or loss if the sales were reduced by 20%

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